Tuesday, 16 August 2016

Grub Installation to dual boot windows 7 and centos 7 with GUI ::

Grub Installation to dual boot windows 7 and centos 7 :

1. First Install Windows 7
2. Then Install Centos 7 in the free space available.

After Centos 7 Installation, system will automatically boot to Centos 7. We need to manually install grub2  to see the windows installation. Follow the exact steps below to install grub2.

#cd /boot/grub2
#ls -l
#cat device.map
#head grub.cfg
Edit the file /etc/default/grub as below::
#vi /etc/default/grub


Then generate /boot/grub2/grub.cfg using the tool grub2-mkconfig

grub2-mkconfig -o /boot/grub2/grub.cfg

Now remove the line GRUB_DISABLE_LINUX_UUID="true" from /etc/default/grub

Again run grub2-mkconfig -o /boot/grub2/grub.cfg

Dual boot windows7 and centos 7
# fdisk -l | grep "Disk /dev"
# blkid  --  to see the block device attributes
we can see windows 7 in /dev/sda1 which is hd0,1 in grub2

# cat /boot/grub2/grub.cfg | grep msdos
Create the file /etc/grub.d/15_windows7 as follows::

# vi /etc/grub.d/15_windows7
! /bin/sh -e
echo "Adding Windows 7" >&2
cat <<EOF
menuentry "Windows 7" {
set root=(hd0,1)
chainloader +1

chmod +x /etc/grub.d/15_windows7
rerun grub2-mkconfig -o /boot/grub2/grub.cfg

If we want to make windows7 as default then run
grub2-set-default 2

GUI Installation in Centos 7::
# yum groupinstall "GNOME DESKTOP" "Graphical Administration Tools"
# yum update --exclude=kernel*

Command to boot directly to GUI in Centos 7
#  systemctl set-default graphical.target
#  systemctl start graphical.target
#  systemctl list-units (to see the installed services)

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